What Is Turkey 100 Years Agreement

Turkey`s 100 Years Agreement: What It was and Its Impact on the Region

Turkey`s 100 years agreement, also known as the Sykes-Picot Agreement, was a secret agreement signed during World War I in 1916 by France and Britain. The objective was to reorganize the Middle East and divide the Ottoman Empire into separate territories. The agreement was named after Mark Sykes, a British diplomat, and Francois Georges-Picot, a French diplomat.

The Sykes-Picot agreement was primarily focused on partitioning the Ottoman Empire into territories of control for both France and Britain. The agreement divided the Middle East into different zones of influence, with the British taking control of the region including Jordan, Palestine, and Iraq, while France took control of Syria and Lebanon. This agreement essentially created the modern borders of the Middle East, which persist to this day.

The 100 years agreement was kept secret from the Ottoman Empire, which was still a significant military power at the time. The Ottomans anticipated that their Arab allies would gain independence from their control once the war ended. However, the Sykes-Picot agreement prevented this from happening. It resulted in widespread disappointment and anger among the Arabs who felt betrayed by their allies.

The impact of this agreement on the region is still felt today. The modern borders of the Middle East have been shaped by this agreement, leading to tensions and conflicts in the region. The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire was followed by the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, which has been a source of conflict ever since.

The Sykes-Picot agreement also contributed to the rise of nationalism in the Middle East. Arab nations claimed that the agreement was an example of western imperialism, and this fueled anti-Western sentiment in the region. The Arab nationalist movement gained momentum, leading to the formation of the Arab League in 1945.

In conclusion, Turkey`s 100 years agreement, also known as the Sykes-Picot agreement, was a secret agreement signed between France and Britain during World War I. The objective was to partition the Ottoman Empire and create separate territories of influence for both countries. This agreement had significant impacts on the region, including the formation of modern borders, the rise of nationalism, and ongoing conflicts.